In modern education, group work is an essential ingredient in all teaching activities. We can assert that all projects that use innovating teaching and learning methods or techniques incorporate this type of work as an experience where the learner grows as a person.
Throughout the history of education, we haven't paid much attention to this element. Many authors today are making social intelligence, feelings and affection a priority when it comes to the development of mental activity. This perspective considers that the characteristic feature of the human species is not their ability to understand how the world is organized, but rather the constant interpretation of other people's thoughts, manifested in different ways: with words, actions, and by creating things. This ability allows us to learn from others and helps us understand ourselves. This is the root of the meaning of comprehension: "understanding another person's mind and understanding oneself within that ability." (García Carrasco, 1999)
This agrees with the thought that the socialization process is the essence of education and the essence of the development of human beings' mental abilities. We understand socialization as a growth process for students working in groups.
It might seem that the whole learning process is focused on transmitting knowledge or transferring information. However, the building of knowledge is a process that involves adapting minds. This makes us think about the processes through which our students learn. If communicating with the group helps with the development of a person's mind, and it strengthens group work skills and answers to the type of work it's expected for the person to do in the following years, then educational processes will have to change and go from individual learning to group learning.
This document tries to answer several questions about this learning process: what challenges does the teacher face in this situation, how should he prepare to follow the process, what experiences help group work, what are the roles and responsibilities of students and teachers, and what are some common thoughts on learning environments revolving around this learning process.